Educate All Students: Larry Miller's Blog

April 1, 2011

KIPP Fairs Poorly in New Report From Western Michigan University

Filed under: Charter Schools,KIPP — millerlf @ 11:24 am

Excerpts from the Report summary:

How and Why KIPP is Successful at Improving Student PerformanceSelective entry of students.

  • The findings in our report show that students with disabilities and students classified as English language learners are greatly underrepresented. The relative

absence of students with disabilities and English language learners results in more

homogenous classrooms. Secondly, in both traditional public schools and KIPP schools, the

additional costs for these students—especially students with moderate or severe

disabilities—is typically not fully funded, and therefore some of the costs for regular

education is devoted to students requiring additional remediation. Because traditional public

schools have a higher proportion of students with disabilities, and a higher concentration of

students with severe and moderate disabilities, the burden of having to subsidize their

education falls more heavily on them.

  • High rate of student attrition with nonreplacement. The departure of low-performing students

helps KIPP improve its aggregate results. Unlike local school districts, KIPP is not replacing

the students who are leaving. When a student returns to a traditional public school after the

autumn head count, KIPP retains most or all of the money (the amount depends on the

particular state) allocated for educating that student during that school year. Traditional

public schools do not typically benefit in the same way when they experience attrition, since

vacancies are typically filled by other mobile students, even in mid-year. The discussion of

findings at the end of this paper describe how “peer effects” play to KIPPs advantage,

especially given its practice of filling few of the large number of vacancies from students

who leave.

  • High levels of funding that KIPP schools receive from both public and private sources. The

additional resources KIPP receives are further compounded by the cost advantages it enjoys

based on the students it serves compared with traditional public schools. Such advantages

may be offset in part by the additional resources KIPP requires for its program’s longer

school day and longer school year. KIPP estimates that the additional costs for its expanded

hours of instruction amount to between $1,000 and $1500.

Using the federal dataset on school finance (2007-08), we were able to obtain detailed revenue

from 25 KIPP schools and their local districts.

  • During the 2007-08 school year, KIPP received more per pupil in combined revenue

($12,731 per student) than any other comparison group: the national average for all schools

($11,937), the national charter average ($9,579), or the average for KIPP schools’ local

school districts ($11,960).

  • KIPP received more in per-pupil revenue from federal sources ($1,779) than did any other

comparison group: the national average ($922), the national charter district average ($949),

or KIPP schools’ host districts ($1,332).

KIPP’s practices that result in selective entry and exit result in homogeneous groups of

students that mutually benefit from peers who are engaged, have supportive families, and are

willing and able to work hard in school.

To see the full report go to:

KIPP study

1 Comment »

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